For my latest side project I built a tool to better track the music I listen to. I now have a single BigQuery table with my play history from Spotify, Youtube, Soundcloud and Shazam. I also have a simple site to present the data.
In this post I explain why I did this, exactly what I’ve built and what I might do next with the project.
Why: I was loosing play data
I’ve been a long time Last.fm user. When I first started ‘scrobbling’ to the service I used iTunes but the bulk of the data on my profile there has come from the Spotify integration.
I’m very grateful for this feature. Had it not been there, the benefits to me of using Spotify on multiple devices would have outweighed the hassle in tracking my plays. Thanks to this feature, I’ve got a great starting point for my new project.
However, I found that the integration was a little flakey and I was loosing play data. Sometimes I’d be signed out of Last.fm after an update and I’d not realise I needed to sign back in.
This was the first reason that prompted me to think about investigating this problem.
Why: I wanted to ‘own’ my data
Last.fm are very nice to me. They store my plays and present them back to my with a some nice graphs and views.
However, it’s not very flexible. I can’t write my own views and I don’t have access to the raw data to ask the questions I want. On top of that, I don’t think the few visualizations I use are that hard to recreate.
I’ve been trying to follow on from my photos project project and maintain a separate presentation of my social profiles that I control.
My play data seemed like a good candidate. It was ‘larger’ than the photos dataset and I thought it would provide some new challenges and learnings (which it did, spoiler alert, oops, that was all backwards, sorry-not-sorry).
Why: I wanted to track other sources without a Last.fm client
Last.fm clients were an option and something I experimented with. I found the Android options to be OK but ultimately unsuitable.
I found myself listening to music on Soundcloud and Youtube a (little) more often and wanted to save this play data too.
Why: I wanted to track other events and information
Eventually, I wanted to start tracking additional events beyond plays. Some examples:
- Which tracks were added and removed from my playlists and when
- How long the tracks were that I was listening to (Last.fm didn’t seem to expose much here)
- erm, that’s about it actually
Now onto the what I did to address this pressing first-world problem I faced.
What: I ‘built’ a BigQuery table & a program to push data from Spotify
First I wrote a simple program that make a call to the Spotify API to get the recent plays for the current user (me). This list is limited to 50 so it needs to be run quite regularly to ensure all the data is captured.
This program is packaged as a container and run every 15 mins as a
CronJob on my personal cluster.
It queries the list of already saved tracks to get the most recent one. It then iterates over each of the played tracks and imports all of the tracks played after the latest of the last import (in ascending order).
This has been the first project where I’ve done the whole Terraform from the ground up thing too (which involved a little legwork to move some existing resources under Terraform). There are a few resources outside of Kubernetes including a Google Cloud project, BigQuery table, some storage buckets and a service account.
There have been a few iterations on the table schema but this is the current field list. Everything just goes into one big table.
track artist album timestamp created_at duration album_cover source spotify_id youtube_id youtube_category_id soundcloud_id soundcloud_permalink shazam_id shazam_permalink
With this data, I can do some fun things…
Count the plays for each track:
SELECT track, artist, count(track) as count, STRING_AGG(album, "" ORDER BY LENGTH(album) DESC LIMIT 1) as album, ANY_VALUE(duration) as duration, ANY_VALUE(spotify_id) as spotify_id, STRING_AGG(album_cover, "" ORDER BY LENGTH(album_cover) DESC LIMIT 1) as artwork FROM `charlieegan3-music-1.music.plays` GROUP BY track, artist ORDER BY artist ASC, count DESC
Get my 10 most recent Shazams (see next section):
SELECT track, artist, timestamp FROM `charlieegan3-music-1.music.plays` WHERE source = "shazam" ORDER BY timestamp DESC LIMIT 10
Get a sorted list of my top Halo soundtrack plays across all the different albums.
SELECT artist, track, album, count(track) as play_count FROM `charlieegan3-music-1.music.plays` WHERE REGEXP_CONTAINS(album, r'Halo') GROUP BY artist, track, album ORDER BY play_count DESC
What: Next, I built a website & some more integrations
I wanted to go end-to-end quickly and have a simple ‘view’ into this dataset I was accumulating. The site is at music.charlieegan3.com.
It has a few pages. Each page is based on a single JSON file built from one or more queries made against BigQuery. The recent plays file is updated every 15 mins, the others are less regular. They’re all stored in a Google Cloud Storage bucket. The site itself (not the JSON data) is served from an nginx container in the cluster (makes the subdomain config and updates more similar to my other projects. General rule for new projects if it’s stateless, it runs in the cluster).
I also built some more integrations (a key requirement of the project). Youtube came first after Spotify - it was really hard. Youtube’s API no longer exposes the ‘Watch History’ ‘Playlist’. It used to be accessible as a playlist with the ID
WH but that was disabled a few years ago - I suspect for privacy reasons. Still, it seems a shame to me that I can’t get the data for my own account…
To get around this I needed to fall back to my roots and build a scraper - just like old times. Youtube’s page is rendered from ‘initial data’ served as part of the page. This is JSON, yay. It is also a complete labyrinth, boo. I was able to use gron and to grep out the parts of the JSON I was interested in and used gojson to generate a struct to unmarshal it into.
This took ages but in the end I was able to get the metadata from the content ID table for each video in a format that was good enough to save into my table.
I also built similar scrapers for Shazam and Soundcloud but they’re DOM / private APIs were much less surprising.
So far I’ve been running these for about a month and they’ve not broken - fingers crossed. I’m used to playing the scraper time bomb waiting game.
Where Next: Some ideas for the future
Visualizations. At the moment there is only one graph on the site - the plays month. This is about as good as my charts get. Luckily ma boi, @tlfrd is on the case with a proof-of-concept ‘viz’ showing the lifetime play history for individual songs. I’m really interested in improving the presentations of the data in time. However, now the collection side of the project is in place I’m going to be pausing for a bit.
Another idea I had was to send email summaries each week showing my play data. I think this might also serve as quite a good monitoring function (i.e. to check that the data matches what I remember listening to).
I’m also considering syncing the data back to Last.fm or Libre.fm but I think this is close to the bottom of the list for me at the moment.
So there we have it. Another rushed post about a side project that’s been distracting me recently.
I’m enjoying this as a general direction for my side projects though. Personal Analytics / Quantified Self is so much more than calorie counting. The data’s there, you’ve just got to get it.